Tip: Educating the Staff
Answers Now Available
By Michael Flynn, Wine Director, Kinkead’s
If your staff is as test-averse as mine, assessing their level of knowledge and getting them to study up can be a real challenge. My solution—open-book 'questionnaires,' where they can use any open source they wish, except one another, and have up to two weeks to answer each series of questions. I produce a questionnaire each month targeted to a specific region of the world, or a given theme, and ask between fifteen and twenty questions about things they are likely to be asked, or about topics I think they should be conversant in, and let them go to work. Gone is the stress and anxiety of a testing situation, and what's even better, they end up reading and learning about three times as much stuff as they need to answer the questions correctly. Most of my staff have come to me and reported how enjoyable the exercise is!
Test yourself with Michael Flynn’s Questionnaire, then click here for the answers
Michael Flynn’s Open Book Wine Questionnaire
1. Marsannay is an appellation within which French wine region? Which grape varieties are permitted there?
2. How many Grand Cru vineyards are there in Chablis? Name them.
3. In which French wine regions are wines labelled by grape varietal name?
4. Name the Premier Grand Cru Classe of Bordeaux.
5. Describe Banyuls. Where and how is it made?
6. In Champagne, some wines are labelled LD. To what does this refer?
7. What is the proper translation of the word ‘cuvée’?
8. What is the difference between the designations ‘Vendange Tardive’, and ‘Selection de Grains Noble’? Where are these phrases applied?
9. Name six grape varietals that are cultivated for wine production in the Loire Valley.
10. How many varietals are permitted in the blend for Chateauneuf-du-Pape? Name them.
11. Name the three principal districts of Champagne, and indicate which varietals each district specializes in.
12. Name the Grands Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin.
13. What’s the meaning of ‘Côte Rôtie’, and what kind of wine is made there?
14. Name four appellations in the southern Rhone Valley, and describe the wines made in each.
15. What’s the difference between Pouilly Fuissé and Pouilly Fumé? Name one producer of each
Answers to Michael Flynn’s Open Book Wine Questionnaire
1. Marsannay is the southernmost appellation in the northern Côtes de Nuits region of Burgundy's Côte d'Or. Permitted grape varieties include Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Pinot Liebault, and Chardonnay.
2. There are 7 Grands Crus in Chablis: Les Clos, Les Preuses, Blanchots,Bougros, Valmur, Vaudesir, and Grenouilles.
3. In the Languedoc, and in Alsace, the majority of wines are labelled with their varietal names.
4. The Premier Grands Crus Classés of Bordeaux were determined in 1855 classification with only one subsequent change in 1972, the elevation of Chateau Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac) from second to First growth. They are, then - Chateau Lafitte-Rothschild (Pauillac), Chateau Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac), Chateau Latour (Pauillac), Chateau Margaux (Margaux), and Chateau Haut-Brion (Pessac-Leognan).
5.Banyuls and Banyuls Grand Cru are the appellations for France'sfinest, most complex 'vins doux naturels' from terraced vineyards above the Mediterranean at the southern limit of the Roussillon. Grenache must dominate the blend and constitute a minimum of 50% for Banyuls, and 75 % for Banyuls Grand Cru. The Grand Cru must age in wood for at least 30 months, while the regular may be aged for as long as the producer feels is beneficial. The wine is made by arresting the fermentation ('mutage')by adding grape brandy while the juice is still on the skins, producing a rich red wine which is both strong (about 18-20% alc by volume), and sweet. It's the best match with chocolate I have ever found!
6. LD, or RD in Champagne means Late-Disgorged (or Recemment Degorge),and refers to the ejection of the frozen pellets of expired yeast which have been allowed to collect in the neck of the aging Champagne bottles. LD wine is said to preserve a taste of freshness and vigor as a counterpoint to the more developed flavors and aromas which come with the wine's age.
7. The word 'cuvée' means a variety of things in a variety of circumstances, but in general refers to a lot or batch of wine. In Champagne, 'Tete de Cuvée' refers to the house's luxury bottling, as it also does in Sauternes. Cuvée in Champagne refers to the first, and best quality juice which flows from the wine press. A blend of wines from various varietals can also be called a cuvée.
8. 'Vendange Tardive' means 'late-harvest', and refers to wines made without the addition of sugar from grapes allowed to ripen to near-raisiny richness, and in Alsace these wines may vary from quite dry to medium-sweet. 'Selection de Grains Nobles' is a term in Alsace for very late-picked grapes affected by 'Noble Rot' which produce the sweetest and most sumptuous styles of wine in the region.
9. Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Melon de Bourgogne (Muscadet), Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Arbois, Grolleau, Malbec, Gamay, and Pinot Gris.
10. There are 13 varietals allowed for Chateauneuf-du-Pape red and white: Grenache, Mourvedre, Syrah, Cinsault, Muscardin, Vaccarese, Picardin, Picpoul, Bourboulenc, Terret Noir, Counoise, Clairette, and Roussanne.
11. Vallée de la Marne for Pinot Meunier, Montagne de Reims for Pinot Noir, Côtes des Blancs for Chardonnay.
12. Chambertin, Chambertin Clos de Beze, Latricieres-Chambertin, Ruchottes-Chambertin, Charmes-Chambertin, Mazoyeres-Chambertin (lies within Charmes-Chambertin), Mazis-Chambertin, Chappelle-Chambertin, and Griotte-Chambertin.
13. Côte Rotie means 'roasted slope.' It's an appellation in the northern Rhone Valley in which the grape Syrah dominates, and a maximum of 20% Viognier (an aromatic white variety) is permitted in the blend.
14. Chateauneuf-du-Pape- rich, earthy, spicy, full-bodied reds made from up to 13 permitted varietals. The main grape is Grenache. About one bottle in 16 is a white wine made from one of several of the same varieties. --Gigondas - for reds and rosés. The reds are similar to those of Chateauneuf, though the Grenache must be no more than 80% of the blend, with Syrah and Mourvedre making up another 15%. In the rosés, both Syrah and Mourvedre are mandatory.
--Lirac - full-bodied reds and rosés are produced, along with small quantities of rich, aromatic whites. No more than 40% Grenache may be used in the reds, while the whites must contain at least a third Clairette.
--Tavel - best known as a rosé appellation, Grenache is the dominant varietal here, but may not exceed 60% of the blend. Cinsault is also used. The wines of Tavel are always bone-dry, and should be drunk young and well-chilled.
15. Pouilly-Fuissé is an appellation in the Maconnais district of southern Burgundy and is made of 100% Chardonnay. Larochette-Manciat is one producer. Pouilly-Fumé is an appellation in the Loire Valley and is 100% Sauvignon Blanc. Didier Dagueneau is one producer.
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