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    Tea Around the World

    by Nina Rubin

    Tea has had a long–and sometimes sordid–history. In its 5,000 years of existence, it has affected virtually every realm of society, contributing to historical scandals, spiritual growth, medical advances, economics, and technological innovation. Each tea-drinking culture has developed unique rituals surrounding the cultivation, preparation, and consumption of tea:

    Australia

    The first tea plantations in Australia were established on top of the country’s highest mountain, Mount Bartle Frere.

    Brazil

    In the 1920s, a Japanese immigrant rekindled the dwindling Brazilian tea industry by smuggling Assam tea seeds into the country and planting them on the southern coast of São Paulo.

    China

    China was the world’s only tea-producing country for what is believed to be the first 3,000 years of tea history.

    England

    The custom of “afternoon tea” was established in the mid-nineteenth century by Anna, the Duchess of Bedford. One afternoon, too hungry to wait until her eight o’clock meal, Anna ordered her servants to bring tea and cakes into her chambers. Anna was so fond of her afternoon snack that it became an everyday ritual.

    France

    Tea was first sold in France as medicine, but was denounced by medical professionals as unhealthy and ineffective – they preferred herbal infusions.

    India

    In Indian railway stations, tea is served in clay cups that are shattered after each use (for sanitary purposes).

    Japan

    The earliest Japanese tea plantations were planted around Buddhist temples and monasteries – this was because tea was originally brought to Japan by Buddhist monks.

    Mongolia

    Mongolians typically steep their tea in yak butter, and then strain it and add milk and roasted grains.

    Morocco

    Tea is poured from a height of several inches (or more) above the table.

    Russia

    The "Russian Tea" found on store shelves is not Russian at all, but rather a blend of Chinese teas imported into Russia. Tea in Russia is typically served out of a samovar, a heated metal urn. The urn holds hot water, and a small pot containing tea is kept warm on top of the urn. The tea brews all day, creating a very strong brew that must be diluted with the hot water before it is consumed.

    South Africa

    An herbal infusion that looks and tastes just like tea-though it’s made from a different plant and is caffeine-free-originates in South Africa. The infusion is called rooibos, which means “red bush” in Afrikaans.

    Sri Lanka

    In the 1860s, tea replaced coffee as the island’s primary crop. The switch occurred when a fungus called Hemileia vastatrix virtually destroyed the Sri Lankan coffee industry.

    United States

    The only tea grown in America comes from the Charleston Tea Plantation, located on a balmy barrier island off of the South Carolina coast.An English traveling tea salesman invented iced tea in 1904 while selling black tea in the Midwest during a hot spell.Tea bags were the innovation of a New York tea importer, Thomas Sullivan, who had the idea to sew tea into silk bags to replace the costly tin tea canisters. The silk bags were later replaced by muslin, and then paper.